Founded in the 5th century, perhaps by people fleeing from the near Roman town Ricina, Montecassiano stands on the top of a hill at 215 m above sea level, overlooking the plain traversed by the Potenza River. The ancient urban structure is still preserved: its inner small roads, like concentric circles, orderly twist until the town’s highest point, Piazza Giacomo Leopardi. You can drive along its small roads, its hills and alleys, following paths that have existed since the 15th century. The town is still surrounded by medieval walls that allow entering the centre only from its three ancient gates. It truly is one of the most beautiful Italian towns, and was awarded the Orange Flag seal of quality by the Touring Club of Italy.